HOME
ListMoto - Army Of Occupation Medal


--- Advertisement ---



The Army of Occupation Medal
Army of Occupation Medal
is a military award of the United States military which was established by the United States War Department
United States War Department
on 5 April 1946.[2] The medal was created in the aftermath of the Second World War to recognize those who had performed occupation service in either Germany, Italy, Austria, or Japan. [3] The original Army of Occupation Medal was intended only for members of the United States Army, but was expanded in 1948 to encompass the United States Air Force shortly after that service's creation. The Navy and Marine equivalent of the Army of Occupation Medal
Army of Occupation Medal
is the Navy Occupation Service Medal.

Contents

1 History 2 Criteria

2.1 Germany
Germany
Clasp 2.2 Japan
Japan
Clasp

3 Appearance 4 References

History[edit] Although authorized in 1946, it was not until 1947 that the first Army of Occupation Medals were distributed. The first medal was presented to General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower, who had been the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force Commander during World War II.[2] Because of the legal status of West Berlin
West Berlin
as an occupied territory, the Army of Occupation Medal
Army of Occupation Medal
was issued for forty-five years until the unification of Germany
Germany
in 1990, making it one of the longest active military awards of both the Second World War and the Cold War. In addition, some recipients of the award were born two generations after the end of the conflict which the medal was designed to represent. Much like the National Defense Service Medal, the Army of Occupation Medal has come to be considered a "multi-generational" award. Criteria[edit] To be awarded the Army of Occupation Medal, a service member was required to have performed at least thirty consecutive days of military duty within a designated geographical area of military occupation. The Army of Occupation Medal
Army of Occupation Medal
was presented with a campaign clasp, denoting either European or Asian service, depending on the region in which occupation service had been performed. Campaign clasps were worn on the full sized medal only with no corresponding device when wearing the Army of Occupation Medal
Army of Occupation Medal
as a ribbon on a military uniform.[4] In addition to the Germany
Germany
clasp, for those service members who performed 92 consecutive days of military duty during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 and 1949, the Berlin Airlift
Berlin Airlift
Device is authorized as a device to the Army of Occupation Medal.[5] Germany
Germany
Clasp[edit]

Germany
Germany
(May 9, 1945 to May 5, 1955)[1] Austria
Austria
(May 9, 1945 to July 27, 1955)[1] Italy
Italy
(May 9, 1945 to September 15, 1947)[1] West Berlin
West Berlin
(May 9, 1945 to October 2, 1990)[1]

Japan
Japan
Clasp[edit]

Japan
Japan
(September 3, 1945 to April 27, 1952)[1] Korea
Korea
(September 3, 1945 to June 29, 1949)[1]

Appearance[edit]

Army of Occupation Medal
Army of Occupation Medal
with Germany
Germany
Clasp

The medal is bronze measuring 1.25 inches across. On the obverse, are the abutments of the Remagen Bridge
Remagen Bridge
with the words "ARMY OF OCCUPATION" inscribed above. On the reverse, is Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
with a low hanging cloud over two Japanese junks above a wave and the inscribed date "1945". A bronze clasp 0.125 inches wide and 1.5 inches in length with the word "GERMANY" or "JAPAN" is worn on the suspension ribbon of the medal to indicate service in Europe or the Far East. The ribbon is 1.375 inches wide with two thin white stripes at the edges and two thicker stripes in the middle, the first being black and the second in scarlet.[2] A myth was that if a soldier served in Germany
Germany
the ribbon's black band was worn to his right and if in Japan
Japan
the red was to his right. The only approved display was for the black band to be to the wearer's right. References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g "Manual of Military Decorations & Awards" (pdf). Department of Defense. September 1996. Retrieved 2011-08-05.  ^ a b c d e "Army of Occupation World War II
World War II
and Navy Occupation Service Medal World War II". Military Campaign and Service Medals. The Institute of Heraldry. Retrieved 2011-08-05.  ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2013-02-08.  ^ "Army of Occupation Medal". United States Air Force. 6/8/2010. Retrieved 2011-08-05.  Check date values in: date= (help) ^ "Military Awards" (PDF). Army Regulation 600–8–22. Headquarters Department of the Army. 11 December 2006. Archived from the original (pdf) on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-05. 

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Army of Occupation Medal.

v t e

United States Campaign, Expeditionary, and Service Medals

19th century

  Civil War Campaign Medal   Indian Campaign Medal   Dewey Medal   Sampson Medal   Cardenas Medal
Cardenas Medal
of Honor   West Indies Campaign Medal   Spanish Campaign Medal   Spanish War Service Medal   Army of Cuban Occupation Medal   Army of Puerto Rican Occupation Medal   Philippine Campaign Medal   Philippine Congressional Medal

Early 20th century

  China Campaign Medal
China Campaign Medal
(Army)   China Relief Expedition Medal
China Relief Expedition Medal
(Navy)   Cuban Pacification Medal (Army)   Cuban Pacification Medal (Navy)   Nicaraguan Campaign Medal   Haitian Campaign Medal   Dominican Campaign Medal

World War I
World War I
era

  Mexican Service Medal   Mexican Border Service Medal   World War I
World War I
Victory Medal   Texas Cavalry Medal   Army of Occupation of Germany
Germany
Medal

Inter war era

  Navy Expeditionary Medal   Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal   Haitian Campaign Medal   NC-4 Medal   Second Nicaraguan Campaign Medal   Yangtze Service Medal   Byrd Antarctic Expedition Medal   Second Byrd Antarctic Expedition Medal   United States Antarctic Expedition Medal

World War II
World War II
era

  China Service Medal   American Defense Service Medal   Women's Army Corps Service Medal   American Campaign Medal   European–African–Middle Eastern Campaign Medal   Asiatic–Pacific Campaign Medal   World War II
World War II
Victory Medal   Army of Occupation Medal   Navy Occupation Service Medal   Medal for Humane Action

Late 20th century

  National Defense Service Medal   Korean Service Medal   Antarctica Service Medal   Coast Guard Arctic Service Medal   Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal   Vietnam Service Medal   Southwest Asia Service Medal   Kosovo Campaign Medal   Armed Forces Service Medal   Humanitarian Service Medal   Military Outstanding Volunteer Service Medal

21st century

  Afghanistan Campaign Medal   Iraq Campaign Medal   Inherent Resolve Campaign Medal   Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal   Global War on Terrorism Service Medal   Korea
Korea
Defense Service Medal   Air and Space Campaign Medal   Nuclear Deterrence Operat

.