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Frank Orren Lowden
Frank Orren Lowden
(January 26, 1861 – March 20, 1943) was a Republican Party politician who served as the 25th Governor of Illinois
Illinois
and as a United States
United States
Representative from Illinois. He was also a candidate for the Republican presidential nominations in 1920 and 1928. Born in Sunrise Township, Minnesota, Lowden practiced law in Chicago after graduating from the University of Iowa. He emerged as a local Republican leader and served in the House of Representatives from 1906 to 1911. He served as Governor of Illinois
Governor of Illinois
from 1917 to 1921, earning wide notice for his reorganization of state government and his handling of the Chicago
Chicago
race riot of 1919. At the 1920 Republican National Convention, Lowden was the preferred candidate of many of the party's conservatives. His supporters coalesced behind Warren G. Harding
Warren G. Harding
as a compromise candidate, and Harding won both the nomination and the 1920 presidential election. Lowden was nominated for vice president at the 1924 Republican National Convention, but he declined the nomination. Lowden was a candidate for president at the 1928 Republican National Convention, but Herbert Hoover
Herbert Hoover
won the nomination on the first ballot.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Political career 3 Railroad career 4 Legacy 5 Notes 6 Bibliography 7 External links

Early life[edit] Lowden was born in Sunrise Township, Minnesota,[4] the son of Nancy Elizabeth (Breg) and Lorenzo Orren Lowden, a blacksmith. He lived in Iowa
Iowa
from the age of seven, on the farm in Hardin County, Iowa, in poverty. He attended school when chores on the family farm allowed. At age fifteen he began to teach in a one room school house in Hubbard, Iowa. After teaching five years, he entered the University of Iowa
University of Iowa
at twenty, graduating in 1885. He aspired to be a lawyer, but taught high school for a year while learning stenography. That skill got him a job in 1886 at the Dexter law firm in Chicago, and he took evening courses at the Union College of Law, completing the two year curriculum in one year, finishing as valedictorian in 1887. He was admitted to the bar the same year and practised law in Chicago
Chicago
for about 20 years.[5] His wife, Florence, was the daughter of George Pullman. In 1899, he was professor of law at Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.[1][5] Political career[edit]

Lowden's official portrait as Governor of Illinois

In 1900, Lowden declined the first assistant postmaster-generalship, offered him by President McKinley, whom he had supported. He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention
Republican National Convention
in 1900 and 1904, and from 1904 to 1912 was a member of the Republican National Committee. He was also a member of the executive committee in 1904 and 1908. Lowden was elected a U.S. Representative from Illinois
Illinois
in 1906 to fill the unexpired term of Robert R. Hitt, deceased. He was re-elected for succeeding terms until 1911, when he declined to run for another term.[5] From 1917 to 1921, he was the Governor of Illinois. While governor, he won wide notice for the major reorganization of state government he spearheaded. He introduced the budget system for state expenditure, thereby reducing the rate of taxation in spite of rising prices.[5] He was a strong supporter of the death penalty, and when in 1918 both houses of the Illinois
Illinois
General Assembly voted to abolish capital punishment, he vetoed the bill. He was energetic in marshalling the resources of his state in support of the United States' World War I effort. In 1917, when the mayor of Chicago
Chicago
refused to interfere with a meeting of the People's Council, an organization accused of pro-Germanism, he ordered out the state troops to prevent the meeting. He favoured woman suffrage and the enforcement of the Volstead Act
Volstead Act
for war-time prohibition. He was opposed to the League of Nations
League of Nations
without reservations, on the ground that it would create a super-state.[5] He gained nationwide stature for his handling of the Chicago
Chicago
Race Riot of 1919 and a simultaneous transit strike in Chicago.[6] He was a leading candidate for the Republican nomination for president in 1920. His campaign was embarrassed by reports of profligate spending. His Missouri campaign manager gave out $32,000 to promote his campaign, including $2,500 (a laborer's annual wage) to at least two convention delegates.[7] Delegates at the Republican convention deadlocked over several ballots between Lowden and General Leonard Wood, resulting in party leaders meeting privately to determine a compromise candidate. Their choice, Warren G. Harding, went on to win the nomination. In the 1924 election, he declined the Republican nomination for vice president. In 1928, he again positioned himself to run for the party's nomination, but he was never much more than a minor threat to front runner Herbert Hoover, who went on to win the presidential nomination and the election. Railroad career[edit] In 1933, Lowden was appointed to be one of three receivers for the bankrupt Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad. He served in this capacity with co-receivers Joseph B. Fleming and James E. Gorman (the latter had been president of the railroad since 1917) until his death in 1943 in Tucson, Arizona. His remains are buried in Graceland Cemetery, Chicago. Legacy[edit] The following are named after Lowden: Camp Lowden Boy Scout Camp, Lowden State Park
Lowden State Park
and Lowden-Miller State Forest, all near his estate outside Oregon, Illinois; the Frank O. Lowden Homes in Chicago; and two Lowden Halls, located on the campus of the Northwestern University School of Law in Chicago
Chicago
and Northern Illinois
Illinois
University in DeKalb. Notes[edit]

^ a b "Guide to the Frank O. Lowden Papers circa 1870-1943". University of Chicago
Chicago
Library. 2011. Retrieved 2013-12-24.  ^ Fullilove-Nugent, Margaret (April 1994). "Lowden of Sinnissippi". Illinois
Illinois
History. DeKalb, Illinois: Illinois
Illinois
Periodicals Online - Northern Illinois
Illinois
University Libraries. pp. 60–61. Retrieved 2013-12-25.  ^ "Frank O. Lowden and Miss Florence Pullman". New York Times. March 21, 1896. Retrieved 2013-12-25.  ^ History/Museums at sunrisetownship.com ^ a b c d e  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Lowden, Frank Orren". Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
(12th ed.). London & New York.  ^ Krist, Gary (2012). City of Scoundrels: The Twelve Days of Disaster That Gave Birth to Modern Chicago. New York: Crown. pp. 220–221. ISBN 978--0-307-45429-4. LCCN 2012032098.  ^ Shlaes, Amity (2013). Coolidge. New York: HarperCollins. p. 196. ISBN 978-0-06-196755-9. LCCN 2012032098. 

Bibliography[edit]

Hutchinson, William T. (1957). Lowden of Illinois: The Life of Frank O. Lowden. University of Chicago
Chicago
Press. LCCN 57006274. 

External links[edit]

Biography portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Frank Orren Lowden.

United States
United States
Congress. " Frank Orren Lowden
Frank Orren Lowden
(id: L000472)". Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress.  Works by or about Frank Orren Lowden
Frank Orren Lowden
at Internet Archive Frank Orren Lowden
Frank Orren Lowden
at Find a Grave

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by Robert R. Hitt Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois's 13th congressional district 1906–1911 Succeeded by John C. McKenzie

Party political offices

Preceded by Charles S. Deneen Republican nominee for Governor of Illinois 1916 Succeeded by Len Small

Political offices

Preceded by Edward F. Dunne Governor of Illinois 1917–1921 Succeeded by Len Small

Awards and achievements

Preceded by H. H. Asquith Cover of Time 15 October 1923 Succeeded by John W. Weeks

v t e

Governors of Illinois

Colonial administrators

List of commandants of the Illinois
Illinois
Country

Territorial Governors

Edwards

Governors

Bond Coles Edwards Reynolds Ewing Duncan Carlin Ford French Matteson Bissell Wood Yates (father) Oglesby Palmer Oglesby Beveridge Cullom Hamilton Oglesby Fifer Altgeld Tanner Yates Deneen Dunne Lowden Small Emmerson Horner Stelle Green Stevenson Stratton Kerner Shapiro Ogilvie Walker Thompson Edgar Ryan Blagojevich Quinn Rauner

v t e

(1916 ←) United States
United States
presidential election, 1920 (→ 1924)

Democratic Party Convention

Nominee

James M. Cox

VP nominee

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Candidates

William Gibbs McAdoo A. Mitchell Palmer Al Smith John W. Davis Edward I. Edwards Woodrow Wilson Robert Latham Owen

Republican Party Convention

Nominee

Warren G. Harding

VP nominee

Calvin Coolidge

Candidates

Leonard Wood Frank Orren Lowden Hiram Johnson William Cameron Sproul Nicholas Murray Butler Calvin Coolidge Robert M. La Follette, Sr. Jeter Connelly Pritchard Miles Poindexter Howard Sutherland Herbert Hoover

Third party and independent candidates

Socialist Party of America

Nominee

Eugene V. Debs

VP nominee

Seymour Stedman

Farmer–Labor Party

Nominee

Parley P. Christensen

VP nominee

Max S. Hayes

Prohibition Party

Nominee

Aaron S. Watkins

VP nominee

D. Leigh Colvin

American Party

Nominee

James E. Ferguson

VP nominee

William J. Hough

Socialist Labor Party

Nominee

William Wesley Cox

VP nominee

August Gillhaus

Single Tax

Nominee

Robert Colvin Macauley

VP nominee

Richard C. Barnum

Other 1920 elections: House Senate

v t e

(1924 ←) United States
United States
presidential election, 1928 (→ 1932)

Republican Party Convention

Nominee

Herbert Hoover

VP nominee

Charles Curtis

Candidates:

Charles Curtis Guy D. Goff Frank O. Lowden George W. Norris Frank B. Willis

Democratic Party Convention

Nominee

Al Smith

VP nominee

Joseph Taylor Robinson

Candidates

Cordell Hull Atlee Pomerene James A. Reed Evans Woollen

Third party and independent candidates

Communist Party

Nominee

William Z. Foster

VP nominee

Benjamin Gitlow

Prohibition Party

Nominee

William F. Varney

Socialist Party

Nominee

Norman Thomas

VP nominee

James H. Maurer

Socialist Labor Party

Nominee

Frank T. Johns

VP nominee

Verne L. Reynolds

Independents and other candidates

William Dudley Pelley

Other 1928 elections: House Senate

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 43278781 LCCN: n85173288 GND: 126860289 SUDOC: 168627825 US Congress: L000

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